Ferrari

312T

 

 

A model of the iconic Ferrari 312T is run through bramble’s CFD software and the results analysed.

Downforce Generation Design in Formula 1

In this blog we will be looking at and analysing the famous F1 Ferrari 312T. We will use bramble to run high fidelity CFD simulations of the formula 1 car and then analyse the results.

During the 70’s era, devices to generate downforce became an increasing trend on Formula 1 designs due to the performance gains obtained. The F1 Ferrari 312T follows this, featuring a single element front wing and a double elements rear wing. The objective being to generate front and rear downforce to the vehicle.

CFD simulation of plot Cp bottom of the formula 1 car

Analysing the Ferrari 312T CFD images

 The Front Wing

Lets start off analysing the images by looking at the front wing. This is composed of a high-cambered full-width single element, covering the nose section. It manages to generate low pressure on the underneath surface, but it is also showing trailing edge separation along the span wise after the mid-section.

The Rear Wing

The rear wing has a double element configuration positioned slightly above the rear tyres height. The flow remains majorly attached beside the centre section, generating high-levels of downforce and an upwash on the wake.

Brake-Ducts

As you can see from the images, the front brake-ducts provide increased airflow for the cooling of the brakes.

Analysing the Ferrari 312T CFD images

 The Front Wing

Lets start off analysing the images by looking at the front wing. This is composed of a high-cambered full-width single element, covering the nose section. It manages to generate low pressure on the underneath surface, but it is also showing trailing edge separation along the span wise after the mid-section.

The Rear Wing

The rear wing has a double element configuration positioned slightly above the rear tyres height. The flow remains majorly attached beside the centre section, generating high-levels of downforce and an upwash on the wake.

Brake-Ducts

As you can see from the images, the front brake-ducts provide increased airflow for the cooling of the brakes.

Downforce & Drag Sources

The largest downforce contributors on the Ferrari 312T are the front and rear wings devices, accounting for 84% of the total, resulting in an aero-balance of 10.85% at the front and a drag to lift ratio of 1.17.

 

The largest drag contributors are the exposed wheels with 31% and the front and rear wings, with a combined contribution of 27% due to the lift induced drag.

side CFD view showing downforce
CpT Iso Surface of Ferrari 312T with driver

Ferrari 312T CFD Videos

Talk to an Expert

See how bramble could work for you